Pelvic floor dysfunction affects millions of people worldwide, causing a range of symptoms such as incontinence, pelvic pain, and sexual dysfunction. It occurs when the muscles of the pelvic floor become weak or tight, impacting the ability to control bowel and bladder functions. As a prevalent yet often overlooked issue, it is essential to understand and explore various treatment options to improve the quality of life for those affected. In this comprehensive guide, we will delve into internal physical therapy, an effective treatment for pelvic floor dysfunction, and help you better comprehend this therapeutic approach.
Internal Physical Therapy For Pelvic Floor Dysfunction Table of Contents
Internal physical therapy, also known as pelvic floor physical therapy, is a specialized technique practiced by trained physical therapists that involves manual manipulation and exercises to restore the strength and coordination of pelvic floor muscles. The goal of this therapy is to alleviate symptoms by addressing the root cause of the dysfunction - muscle imbalances and tension. Internal physical therapy can also benefit those who suffer from complications following childbirth, surgery, or pelvic injuries.
The approach to internal physical therapy follows a step-by-step process:
The physical therapist will begin with a thorough evaluation to identify the specific muscles and connective tissues affected and determine the severity of the dysfunction.
2. Manual therapy
The practitioner will use their hands to perform internal and external soft tissue mobilizations, trigger point releases, and myofascial stretches. This hands-on treatment helps relax tightened muscles, release adhesions, and improve blood flow to the affected area.
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Biofeedback is a technique that uses a device to measure muscle activity, providing real-time feedback to both the patient and therapist. This tool aids in understanding how the pelvic floor muscles are functioning and is used to create personalized exercises for the patient.
4. Functional exercises
Based on the assessment and biofeedback information, the therapist will develop a program of pelvic floor-specific exercises and stretches. These may include kegel exercises, deep abdominal strengthening, diaphragmatic breathing exercises, and relaxation techniques.
5. Home program
The physical therapist will provide guidance on performing exercises and self-care techniques at home to maintain and continue progress in between sessions.
Internal Physical Therapy For Pelvic Floor Dysfunction Example
Jane, a 35-year-old woman, began experiencing pelvic pain, incontinence, and pain during intercourse after giving birth to her second child. After discussing her concerns with her doctor, Jane decided to try internal physical therapy. Jane's physical therapist performed a comprehensive evaluation and identified muscle imbalances and tension in her pelvic floor.
Using manual therapy techniques and biofeedback, the physical therapist helped Jane learn how to properly activate and relax her pelvic floor muscles. She was then given a tailored program of exercises to perform at home and was taught self-care practices, including proper posture, breath control, and body mechanics during everyday activities. Over time, Jane saw significant improvements in her symptoms and regained control over her pelvic floor muscles.
In conclusion, internal physical therapy is an effective and non-invasive approach to treating pelvic floor dysfunction. By addressing muscle imbalances and tension, it can improve symptoms and enhance overall quality of life. If you or a loved one struggles with pelvic floor dysfunction, consider discussing internal physical therapy with a healthcare provider. Remember to share this comprehensive guide with others who may benefit from this specialized treatment, and be sure to explore other informative guides on Pelvic Floor Therapy for more insightful information.