Pelvic Floor Therapy Guides

Pelvic Floor Dysfunction Exercises

Pelvic Floor Dysfunction Exercises

Pelvic floor dysfunction is a common yet often overlooked problem that affects millions of people worldwide. It can lead to urinary incontinence, bowel movement issues, and even sexual dysfunction. But did you know that there are simple exercises you can do to help alleviate this problem and improve your quality of life? In this comprehensive guide, we will delve deeper into what pelvic floor dysfunction is, its common causes, and share some effective exercises that can help you regain control over your symptoms. So, let's dive in!

What is Pelvic Floor Dysfunction?

Pelvic floor dysfunction occurs when the muscles and tissues supporting the pelvic organs (the uterus, bladder, and rectum) become weak or tight, which affects their ability to function properly. This can lead to a variety of uncomfortable and sometimes embarrassing symptoms, such as chronic pain in the pelvic area, urine leakage, difficulty with bowel movements, and sexual dysfunction.

Common Causes of Pelvic Floor Dysfunction

Some common causes of pelvic floor dysfunction include:

  • Pregnancy and childbirth
  • Age-related muscle weakening
  • Surgery or injury to the pelvic area
  • Heavy lifting or straining
  • Obesity
  • Chronic coughing due to conditions like asthma or smoking

Effective Exercises for Pelvic Floor Dysfunction

The key to overcoming pelvic floor dysfunction lies in strengthening and relaxing the muscles in that region. Here are some exercises that target the pelvic floor directly, and are suitable for both men and women:

Kegel Exercises

Kegels are the most well-known pelvic floor exercises. To perform a Kegel, first identify your pelvic floor muscles by trying to stop the flow of urine midstream. Once you've identified the muscles, tighten and hold them for a count of 5, then relax. Aim for 3 sets of 10 repetitions daily.


Squats are an excellent full-body exercise that also targets the pelvic floor. Stand with your feet shoulder-width apart, and lower your body by bending your knees and pushing your hips back. Keep your chest upright, and when your thighs are parallel to the ground, push back up to the starting position. Perform 2-3 sets of 10-15 repetitions.

Pelvic Tilts

Lie on your back with your knees bent and your feet flat on the ground. Tighten your core and gently tilt your pelvis towards the ceiling, lifting your hips off the floor. Hold this position for a few seconds, and then slowly return to the starting position. Complete 2-3 sets of 10-15 repetitions.

Wall Sits

Stand with your back against a wall, with your feet about hip-width apart. Slide your back down the wall, bending your knees to a 90-degree angle. Hold this position for 10-30 seconds, engaging your pelvic floor muscles during the entire time. Rest for a few seconds and repeat for 2-3 sets.

Pelvic Floor Dysfunction Exercises Example

Let's take a look at a recently new mother, Sarah, who is experiencing pelvic floor dysfunction as a result of childbirth. Sarah has been diligent about practicing the above exercises daily and has noticed significant improvement in her pelvic floor strength after several weeks. Not only has her urine leakage issue subsided, but she has also experienced increased comfort and confidence in her daily life.

In conclusion, pelvic floor dysfunction shouldn't be something that you suffer through in silence. By incorporating the mentioned exercises into your daily routine, you can work towards regaining control over your pelvic floor muscles and improving your overall quality of life. If you found this guide helpful, please feel free to share it with friends and family, and don't hesitate to explore our other articles on pelvic floor therapy for more information and tips!


About Annie Starling

Annie Starling, MD, is a respected authority in gynaecology and women's health with over 15 years of enriching experience. Her expansive knowledge and compassionate approach have been instrumental in transforming countless lives. Alongside her medical career, Annie has an impressive acting background, bringing a unique blend of expertise and empathetic communication to her work. She's not just a doctor; she's an educator, an advocate, and a trailblazer, deeply committed to empowering women through health education. Her blog posts reflect her passion for the field, offering a wealth of insights drawn from her vast professional experience. Trust Annie to guide you on your journey to better pelvic health.

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