A strong and healthy pelvic floor is critical for optimal functioning and overall wellness, and like any other muscle group in the body, it deserves due attention and care. Whether you have recently experienced childbirth, frequently lift heavy objects, or struggle with pelvic issues or discomfort, physical therapist pelvic floor therapy may be an effective solution for you. In this article, we dive into the world of pelvic floor therapy, exploring how a physical therapist can help you strengthen, restore and maintain a healthy pelvic floor.
Physical Therapist Pelvic Floor Table of Contents
Postural and body mechanics training
The pelvic floor is a complex network of muscles, ligaments, and nerves that play a crucial role in numerous functions within the body. It supports the pelvic organs—including the bladder, uterus, and rectum—and promotes healthy bowel and bladder function, sexual health, and stability in the core and lower back. A poorly functioning pelvic floor can lead to issues such as incontinence, pelvic pain or discomfort, constipation, and sexual dysfunction.
Physical therapist pelvic floor therapy is specifically designed to address these or other related issues by employing hands-on, evidence-based techniques and exercises that focus on the muscles, ligaments, and nerves in the pelvic floor.
Typically, a physical therapist specialized in pelvic floor therapy will begin by assessing your individual needs and goals in relation to your pelvic floor health. They will take into account factors such as your medical history, current symptoms, and physical limitations or concerns. Based on this assessment, they will develop a personalized treatment plan that may involve any combination of the following techniques:
Pelvic floor muscle exercises
These exercises, often referred to as Kegels, involve the contracting and relaxing of the pelvic floor muscles to help strengthen and restore function. A physical therapist will instruct you on proper technique and provide guidance on the appropriate frequency and intensity of exercises to ensure optimal results.
This hands-on approach may involve techniques such as soft tissue massage, muscle stretching, or joint mobilizations to help alleviate tension and pain, increase flexibility, and promote overall pelvic floor health.
Postural and body mechanics training
Since the pelvic floor is closely connected to the overall stability and alignment of the body, working on posture and proper body mechanics can be a critical component of pelvic floor therapy. This may involve exercises or adjustments to daily activities that target balance, stability, and alignment habits.
Biofeedback: This technique involves the use of special sensors that track muscle activity in the pelvic floor, providing real-time feedback on muscle function. Biofeedback can help patients learn how to properly engage and relax the pelvic floor muscles, leading to improved function over time.
Physical Therapist Pelvic Floor Example
Let's take the example of Jane, a 35-year-old woman who recently gave birth to her second child. Jane has experienced urinary incontinence since childbirth and has felt too embarrassed to discuss the issue with her doctor. Upon discovering the benefits of physical therapist pelvic floor therapy, Jane decides to seek professional help.
During her initial consultation, Jane's physical therapist learns about her medical history, pregnancy and childbirth experiences, and symptoms. Her therapist then designs a personalized treatment plan, incorporating pelvic floor muscle exercises, manual therapy, and biofeedback. Over the course of regular sessions, Jane not only experiences less incontinence but also gains valuable knowledge and skills to maintain her pelvic floor health on her own.
In conclusion, physical therapist pelvic floor therapy offers a holistic, evidence-based approach to restoring and maintaining optimal pelvic floor function. Whether you're grappling with postpartum issues, aging-related concerns, or simply seeking preventive care, don't hesitate to explore the benefits of this versatile therapy. Be sure to share this article with friends and family who may be searching for solutions to their pelvic health and visit our Pelvic Floor Therapy Blog for more resources and expert guidance.