Pelvic Floor Therapy Guides

What Is Pelvic Floor Dysfunction Physical Therapy?

What Is Pelvic Floor Dysfunction Physical Therapy?

Have you ever experienced discomfort or pain in your pelvic region, mysterious incontinence episodes, or recurrent pelvic organ prolapse? You may be suffering from pelvic floor dysfunction, a common and often overlooked condition that affects millions of individuals. The good news is that pelvic floor dysfunction physical therapy can be highly effective in resolving these issues. In this comprehensive guide, we will delve into the world of pelvic floor dysfunction, its causes, symptoms, and the benefits of pelvic floor therapy. Get ready to open the door to improved health and wellbeing by better understanding this essential part of your body.

First, let's take a moment to understand what the pelvic floor is and how it functions. The pelvic floor is a group of muscles, ligaments, and connective tissues that support your pelvic organs, including your bladder, uterus (in women), prostate (in men), and rectum. These muscles also play a crucial role in controlling our bowel and bladder movements and add to sexual function.

Pelvic floor dysfunction occurs when these muscles become weak, tight, or uncoordinated, leading to various issues, such as incontinence, chronic pelvic pain, sexual dysfunction, and organ prolapse. Common causes of pelvic floor dysfunction include childbirth, aging, obesity, heavy lifting, surgery, and even prolonged sitting.

Pelvic floor dysfunction physical therapy, also known as pelvic floor rehabilitation, uses various techniques to help improve the strength, coordination, and relaxation of the pelvic floor muscles, thus resolving the issues caused by dysfunction. These techniques include:

Pelvic Floor Exercises

Also known as Kegel exercises, these involve contracting and relaxing your pelvic floor muscles. A physical therapist can teach you the proper techniques and help develop a customized exercise program tailored to your needs.


This technique uses sensors and electronic devices to monitor your muscle activity, making it easier to teach you how to contract and relax your muscles properly.

Electrical Stimulation

Low-level electrical currents are used to stimulate the muscles, helping improve muscle strength and function.

Manual Therapy

A physical therapist may use manual techniques, such as soft tissue manipulation or myofascial release, to release tension in the pelvic floor muscles and improve mobility and function.

Education & Lifestyle Modification

Lifestyle factors, such as diet, physical activity, and proper posture, can significantly impact pelvic floor health. A physical therapist will help guide you in making appropriate changes to improve your overall pelvic health.

Pelvic Floor Dysfunction Physical Therapy Example

To further illustrate how pelvic floor dysfunction physical therapy can benefit those struggling with pelvic floor issues, let's take the example of Jane. Jane is a 35-year-old mother who had recently given birth to her second child. She experiences embarrassing urinary incontinence episodes, making her very self-conscious and negatively affecting her quality of life. Jane discusses her concerns with her primary care physician, who refers her to a physical therapist specializing in pelvic floor dysfunction.

The physical therapist conducts a thorough evaluation and confirms that Jane is suffering from pelvic floor dysfunction due to weakened and uncoordinated muscles. The therapist designs a comprehensive treatment plan for Jane, including an at-home Kegel exercise regimen, biofeedback sessions and manual therapy. After several weeks of consistent pelvic floor therapy, Jane notices a significant improvement in her symptoms and gains a better quality of life, more confidence in her body, and a newfound appreciation of the importance of pelvic floor health.

Pelvic floor dysfunction is a prevalent issue that can significantly impact one's quality of life, but fortunately, it can be effectively treated with pelvic floor dysfunction physical therapy. By better understanding your body and taking proactive steps to seek help from a qualified professional, you can restore balance and regain control over your pelvic floor health.

Did you find this article helpful? Please feel free to share it with your friends, family, and loved ones! And remember to explore our other guides on Pelvic Floor Therapy to empower yourself with knowledge and live a happier, healthier life.



About Annie Starling

Annie Starling, MD, is a respected authority in gynaecology and women's health with over 15 years of enriching experience. Her expansive knowledge and compassionate approach have been instrumental in transforming countless lives. Alongside her medical career, Annie has an impressive acting background, bringing a unique blend of expertise and empathetic communication to her work. She's not just a doctor; she's an educator, an advocate, and a trailblazer, deeply committed to empowering women through health education. Her blog posts reflect her passion for the field, offering a wealth of insights drawn from her vast professional experience. Trust Annie to guide you on your journey to better pelvic health.

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