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What Causes Pelvic Floor Muscle Spasms?

What Causes Pelvic Floor Muscle Spasms?

Imagine feeling a sudden, intense pain in your pelvic area - a pain that affects your daily activities and leaves you searching for answers. This is what it's like to experience pelvic floor muscle spasms, also known as vaginismus or levator ani syndrome. So, what causes these spasms, and how can you deal with them effectively? This article will provide the answers you seek, along with insights and tips to help you take control of your health. Read on to discover the factors behind pelvic floor muscle spasms and how you can manage them.

Muscle Overactivity

Pelvic floor muscle spasms often result from an overactivity of the muscles in the pelvic area. This overactivity can occur due to various reasons, such as urinary incontinence, pelvic organ prolapse, or pain in the lower back. When these muscles work too hard, they can become tight, leading to painful spasms.

Stress and Anxiety

Stress and anxiety are also common culprits in causing muscle spasms. Your pelvic floor muscles can react to psychological tension by tensing up and causing pain. It's essential to address the underlying emotional issues to effectively manage this type of muscle spasm.


The physical trauma of giving birth can lead to pelvic floor muscle spasms. The muscles in the pelvic area may become damaged, weak, or overly stretched during childbirth, resulting in spasms and discomfort. Women may experience these spasms immediately after giving birth or even years later.

Pelvic Inflammatory Disease

Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) is an infection that affects a woman's reproductive organs. If left untreated, PID can cause inflammation and scarring of the pelvic organs, resulting in muscle spasms.

Pelvic Injury

Accidents, surgeries, or direct trauma to the pelvic region can lead to muscle spasms. Injury to the nerves, joints, or muscles in this area can cause ongoing muscle tension and pain.

Example: Anna's Painful Pelvic Floor Muscle Spasms

Anna, a 35-year-old mother of two, had been experiencing pelvic floor muscle spasms for several months. During her second pregnancy, she'd noticed that her lower back and pelvic area felt tighter than usual. After giving birth, Anna began to experience painful spasms that made it difficult for her to walk, sit or engage in exercise.

After discussing her symptoms with her doctor, Anna learned that her muscle spasms were likely due to her pelvic floor muscles becoming tight and overactive after childbirth. To address her discomfort, Anna began attending pelvic floor therapy sessions, where she learned exercises and relaxation techniques that helped alleviate her muscle spasms.

Pelvic floor muscle spasms can be debilitating and cause a significant impact on your daily life. But by understanding the causes and seeking appropriate treatment, it is possible to find relief and restore your quality of life. If you suspect that you are experiencing pelvic floor muscle spasms, it's crucial to speak with a healthcare professional who can provide guidance and treatment.

Before you go, please feel free to share this post with friends who might be suffering from pelvic floor muscle spasms too. And don't forget to explore the wealth of resources available on our Pelvic Floor Therapy blog – together, let's promote awareness and better health!


About Annie Starling

Annie Starling, MD, is a respected authority in gynaecology and women's health with over 15 years of enriching experience. Her expansive knowledge and compassionate approach have been instrumental in transforming countless lives. Alongside her medical career, Annie has an impressive acting background, bringing a unique blend of expertise and empathetic communication to her work. She's not just a doctor; she's an educator, an advocate, and a trailblazer, deeply committed to empowering women through health education. Her blog posts reflect her passion for the field, offering a wealth of insights drawn from her vast professional experience. Trust Annie to guide you on your journey to better pelvic health.

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